Materials are traditionally classified as metals, polymers, and ceramics. A fourth classification, composite materials, is a combination of two or more of the basic engineering materials. Metals are the oldest engineered materials used by man. These have good electrical and thermal conductivity, high ductility and malleability and high resistance to fracture. New challenges include alloys of higher strengths and improved corrosion resistance. Polymers are organic materials made of long molecules. Engineering applications include optic fibers, teflon and kevlar. Ceramics are inorganic compounds of metallic and non-metallic elements. Engineering ceramics are used in superconductors, integrated circuit packaging and high temperature turbines.
The field of Materials Science and Engineering is very broad and there are many niches in which the Philippines can excel, considering the vast material resources it is endowed with. It is imperative that a program in Materials Science and Engineering be offered in order that the country can secure its future and a chance of becoming a newly industrialized country.
The program leading to the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Materials Science and Engineering, or Ph.D. MSE, aims to provide students with advanced graduate education that will prepare them for professional careers as high-level materials scientists and engineers in the industry, academia, or the public sector. The Ph.D. MSE Program is specifically designed to enable students to (a) obtain a broad, integrated, interdisciplinary understanding of the four core elements of MSE -the structure and composition, properties, synthesis/processing, and performance of materials -and their interrelationships; (b) acquire a specialized, thorough knowledge of at least one class of materials (e.g., ceramics, polymers, composites, alloys, semiconductors, etc.); and (c) gain the competence to undertake original and independent research in materials science and engineering.